A cataract is clouding within the natural lens of the eye which distorts light, making it difficult to see clearly. It is a progressive, painless condition that usually develops in both eyes at the same time and can cause reduced vision, or in some cases, even blindness.
The causes of cataract can be from certain diseases, medications, and even smoking may speed up the progression of certain types of cataracts. Though most people who reach old age will develop a cataract, some are more likely to suffer from cataracts than others including:
Cataracts are painless and their symptoms vary from person to person. They can include:
These symptoms do not necessarily indicate a cataract, but you should always visit your Doctor or Optometrist if you are worried.
Cataract treatment involves a routine operation, usually carried out as an outpatient procedure. During cataract surgery, the cloudy lens is removed and replaced by a synthetic one.
If you are worried you may have a cataract you should visit your Optometrist or Doctor at the earliest opportunity.